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On 17 July, section 28 and schedule 5 to the Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 were brought into force.

These require the imposition of an obligatory minimum sentence for any person over 16 years of age who is convicted, on or after that date, of a second or subsequent ‘offensive weapon or bladed-article’ offence, whenever the first was committed.

For those under 18, the obligatory sentence is four months’ detention and a training order; for adults, the minimum sentence is six months’ imprisonment.